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ADDIE Model of Instructional Design

Updated: Jul 8, 2021


One of my greatest passions in higher education is designing curriculum and programs. I want to share the instructional design method to lay the groundwork for program/course design and why it is so effective. The process I use is called ADDIE and it stands for Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation. I will explain each phase below. This is commonly known among instructional designers to be a foundational approach in the further development of instructional material. The simplicity and straightforward model is unbelievably effective in helping me organize my teaching and learning goals.


Analysis


The Analysis phase is the foundation for all other phases of this instructional design process. During this phase, you must define what the problem is. You also identify the source of the problem and determine possible solutions to the proposed issue. In this phase I create my instructional goals as well.


Design


The Design phase involves planning a strategy for developing the instruction. During this phase, I outline how to reach the instructional goals determined during the Analysis phase and delve deeper into the design process. Some of the components of the Design Phase may include describing the target population, conducting a learning analysis, writing objectives and sequencing the instruction.


Development


The Develop phase builds upon the prior Analysis and Design phases. In this phase I create my lesson plans and lesson materials, media and supporting documents. The course is further developed to address learning goals and an outline describing implementation of utilizing these learning materials is included.


Implementation


The Implementation phase refers to the actual delivery of the my classroom, whether in a face-to-face capacity or even online. This phase refers to the effective delivery of instruction whereas my students may understand course material and master the student learning objectives.


Evaluation


This phase measures the effectiveness of the instruction. Assessment and evaluation may be formative or summative. Formative Evaluation occurs during and in between the different phases to improve processes during this time. Summative evaluation usually occurs after the final version of instruction is actually delivered. Summative evaluation assesses the entire effectiveness of the instruction. With summative data, I can make further decisions and changes to my program to ensure best practices.

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